Pre-eclampsia (often colloquially known as toxemia of pregnancy) is a combination of high blood pressure, swelling in the feet, face and hands, and protein in the urine.
There can be symptoms of headache, blurry vision, nausea, vomiting or epigastric pain. It occurs in about 5% of pregnancies and if diagnosed early there is a good chance of avoiding serious complications such as progression to eclampsia (where the mother has a seizure), if the patient is treated with magnesium and promptly delivered after stabilization. (except in certain preterm gestations with mild disease where close observation may be appropriate).
Preeclampsia and eclampsia need to be managed intensively and are high risk situations that can lead to morbidity and mortality for mother and baby if untreated.
THINKING ABOUT GETTING PREGNANT OR HAVE QUESTIONS ABOUT YOUR PREGNANCY?
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